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Nigeria: Where are the elders?
Asks Dupe Olaoye-Osinkolu
It was calm before the storm. We once lived in a country where traditional rulers and elders held remote control of behavioural pattern.
Pre-1993 years, to many seemed the best for Nigeria in terms of elders’ intervention in democratic process. Elections rigging which has always been a part of our crude system was done with less impunity.
Most governors in that era treaded with caution. They viewed the few that went to the extreme as uninformed. Even if they are not mentioned in this piece for obvious reasons especially now that unity is no longer the watchword, we know governors and lawmakers that are best described as Looternors and Lawbreakers. Today, the norm is for the leaders to convert public funds to private use, steal more than enough to comfortably pocket the judiciary.
Where are the elders? They have suddenly become tin gods called Godfathers. They are having a field day amassing wealth. Before the glutonic craze, the elders played their roles of check and balances. Those were the days of ‘good name is better than gold.’ Nobody seems to care about family names again. When you are caught stealing in those days, the stigma permanently stays with your generations. Those were the days of, “Sorry son, you can’t marry from that family. It’s a family of thieves”. What do we have now? The family head would ask the young ones not to marry from the poor. “Do they have any senator in their family? How many houses has his father?” This is the new trend. Who bells the cat?
Should the elders go back to their roles of nation building and society cleansing, maybe our journey to a better Nigeria would start from there. It’s hightime we thought beyond the present and stopped dreaming of eating our cake and still having it.
By Olakunle Agboola
THE POTENTIAL OF AFRICA FOR FUTURE ECONOMIC GROWTH
Africa will be a powerful force in global economy having effective leadership, governance and policy to manage Africa resources. The most valuable asset Africa has is her human capital and even that is not been maximised to develop the continent.
Africa innovation will depend on investment in infrastructures development, boosting entrepreneurial spirit with government funding for start-up businesses and applying research to solve problems.
In recent years, economists have used the terms “developed countries” to denote First World and “emerging markets” to refer to Third World countries. We believe that the use of these terms camouflages the extent of underdevelopment and challenges faced by the poorest. The terms are also viewed as a means of excusing First World responsibility to provide material support and solidarity.
It is a common notion that Third World countries are characterised by a big agrarian sector and a huge proportion of the population are poor. Also, that they are marked by low productivity, disease, high infant mortality, lack of potable water and poor infrastructure. First World countries is believed to be highly urbanized, while citizens enjoy universal access to health, education and housing. They also exhibit high productivity, strong service sectors and great political structure that works.
It has been generally argued by scholars that Africa can be the world’s leading economy in the next 25 years if there is readiness to draw from the wisdom that took many Asian countries from Third World status to First World status. Africa is blessed with both human and natural resources to take a lead with major countries such as, Ethiopia, Rwanda, Uganda and Kenya, Ghana, Côte d’Ivoire Gabon, Mozambique, Nigeria, Angola, and South Africa. These countries can emulate the “Asian miracle”, but only if governments take decisive steps to achieve certain outcomes.
East Asia experienced a notable record of high and sustained economic growth from 1965 to 1990. The 23 economies of East Asia grew faster than those of all other regions of the world. The idea behind their growth was improve in gross domestic product (GDP) per capita or improve in the average household income. Also, a robust national leadership was at the fulcrum of sustaining human development. There is a direct correlation between leadership and development of a nation and this is one of the major areas East Africa has explored for a sustainable growth. Africa will have to wake up and raise new generation of leaders who will be committed to foster development and democracy. Also, the new generation leaders must be committed to tackle corruption, dictatorship and conflict to build the new Africa.
Late Lee Kwan Yew, the first Prime Minister of Singapore and largely considered the founding father of that nation will not be easily forgotten by his propagated idea of moving from Third World to First World in one generation. He recognized Singapore needed a strong economy in order to survive as an independent country, and he launched a program to industrialize Singapore and transform it into a major exporter of finished goods. The economic trajectory of Africa to build a strong economy is possible but Africa might need a man like late Lee Kwan Yew who bought his country efficient administration and spectacular prosperity at the cost of a mildly authoritarian style of government that infringed on civil liberties.
Taiwan and South Korea had been in the position of many African countries who are today called a developing nation. In 1960, Taiwan had GDP per capita and human development levels that placed it among the least developed countries in the world. Taiwan and South Korea had no mineral wealth like that of many African countries. What they had, instead, were national systems of innovation and, critically, they invested in human capital. They copied technologies from First World economies until they were on par and even overtook the First World countries. In many cases they started off equal or lower in GDP per capita but they made serious economic progress focused on growing the average income of their citizens. For example, Japan focused on this between 1950 and 1972 and doubled its GDP per capita. It is sad that no African leader has pursued with single-minded determination the improvement of household incomes. Instead their focus has generally been on economic growth with trickle down being viewed as a panacea for higher GDP per capita.
It is a difficult task for a nation to prosper without well-organized institutions that can sustain itself through strategic planning, hard work and sacrifice. The focus must be on the citizen to improve their standard of living and in turn give back to the society as we have seen with most developed nations of the world. Leadership is the key and it is a critical factor hampering Africa to take a lead and reach her destination as a potential power house for the world’s largest economy.
The challenge posed by counterfeit goods sold on the continent is a huge one, making it something that brands cannot tackle half-heartedly. According to Issue 3 2016 of ‘Strategic Marketing Africa’, the journal of the African Marketing Confederation (AMC), experts agreed that while counterfeiting is a global scourge, it is at its worst in Africa.Arguably the most insidious form of counterfeiting involves pharmaceuticals, which are available in abundance in fake form.Consumer markets across Africa are booming, which is a good news story. However, there is a sinister side to it. Africa is seen as a dumping ground for counterfeit goods. There are a lot of poor people who can’t afford brands but aspire to have them. They will buy if the price is right even if they know a product is forged.” Among the countries worst hit by counterfeit goods is Nigeria, Africa’s largest consumer market. According to a study by the Standards Organisation of Nigeria in 2011 found that some 85% of goods sold in Nigeria were counterfeit and substandard. Also Ailsa Wingfield, Executive Director for Marketing and Communication in Africa at research company Nielsen, concurs. “In a country such as Nigeria you will find genuine brands of literally any product side-by-side with their imitations. Many counterfeit products are very hard to tell apart from the real thing and, in certain instances, can only be identified by a laboratory test conducted by the brand owner.”The World Health Organisation estimates that 100,000 deaths annually in Africa are linked to counterfeit drugs. “In East and West Africa 40%-50% of pharmaceutical products are counterfeit,” says Yates. “You can readily buy them on the street.” The uncommon drive of the late Dora Akunyili, as the Director-General of the National Agency for Food and Drug Administration and Control, confirmed the mess perpetrated in Africa most especially Nigeria by dubious drug importers. Through her enthusiasm, Nigeria was able to curb the deleterious impact of such unbridled importation. That was before four children died from adrenalin – which turned out to be water – administered on them during surgical procedures in an Enugu hospital in 2003. Akunyili closed down major markets in Kano and Onitsha, confiscated and destroyed large consignments of fake drugs. Sadly, her exit from NAFDAC break off the war on fake drugs.The biggest source of counterfeit goods is China says Yates. According to a report released by the UN Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) a few years back, 70% of all counterfeits seized globally between 2008-2010 were manufactured in China. This should come as no surprise – China has for many years been the workshop of the world, and any country that can make genuine products en masse can just as easily make counterfeits. It is generally held that products made in China have short life span and cannot be repaired when damaged. Again, all inferior products in the country are believed to have been made in China or Taiwan. When one says a product is China or Taiwan, the underlying meaning is that such product is either counterfeit or substandard.Unfortunately, what many Nigerians do not understand is that China manufactures for Europe and America. Before the emergence of China’s economy, South Korea and Japan were seen by Europe as a base for low-cost labour which offered low production cost. It all translated to low prices of goods. Note that low price is not the same as poor quality of, or cheap goods. The price of a product is largely, determined by the cost of producing the product. Following the 1990s reforms in China, the country emerged to challenge the biggest economies of the world. It has come on top of such economies, given the availability of a large labour force, superior power supply, low taxation and favourable currency exchange rate.Major investors in Europe, Americas and even Asia now turn to China to produce goods which they could not produce in their respective countries. The best Nokia phones in the American and British markets are manufactured in China. If such quality phones are produced in Europe, the prices would have been too high, given the high cost of their production. Like American and British investors, Nigerians have also turned to China to produce. But while American and British investor-vendors have respect for model and quality specifications in accordance with the prescriptions in their respective countries, their Nigeriancounterparts prefer to cut corners to make ridiculous profits.The Chinese factories most times do accept to produce whatever poor quality that is demanded by the Nigerian investor-vendors without asking for their right to such products which make them guilty of their existing laws on counterfeiting. Like Orhiri said, while Indian authority who are in the same league with China, is now assisting the Nigerian government to wage the war against counterfeit products, China doesn’t seem to be bothered. Counterfeiting in China is a serious offence which carries a death penalty. It is of view that if offenders are prosecuted in China, it will be difficult for the Nigerian investor or vendor to continue the illicit business.Africa must take the bull by the horns to do all to fight against counterfeit products subverting the continents. The good news is that African governments are becoming increasingly aware of the problems posed by counterfeiting. Many are now incorporating specific anti-counterfeiting provisions into their IP statutes and recent examples include Liberia, which passed a new IP Act, and Mauritius, which passed a draft IP bill. One country that deserves special allusion is Kenya. In 2008, the authorities passed an Anti-Counterfeit Act that established an Anti-Counterfeit Agency. This move was prompted by International Chamber of Commerce study that suggested that an improvement in Kenya’s IP system would result in an increase from $460 million to $630 million in foreign investment, which in turn would boost employment by up to 185,000 workers. Kenya heeded the message. In a welcome development, a Kenyan court has recently declared the Anti-Counterfeit Act to be constitutional. In another positive development, the South African authorities are making a concerted effort to train prosecutors, magistrates and other officials on anti-counterfeiting legislation.Conclusively, some industries and companies are taking drastic measures to reduce the scourge of counterfeit products in Africa. A good example of this is the way pharmaceutical companies are coming together to put in place product verification systems whereby purchasers of drugs can check whether they have bought original or counterfeit drugs with their mobile phones. The Hope for anti-counterfeiting eradication is debatable but with governments and other interested parties that are taking drastic measures to tackle it, there is hope that counterfeiting can be reduced significantly.THINK-TANKOlakunle Agboola
Think-TankBy Olakunle AgboolaToday academic libraries all over the globe are embracing advancement of the twenty-first century information and communication technology. Different countries are at different stages in this advancement. When ICT was introduced into the library, carrying out information services was powered by analog data, today there is a shift from manual ways of carrying out information services powered by analog data to electronic ways of accessing and retrieving information powered by electronic gadgets such as the World Wide Web (WWW) and handsets.
The university libraries have long been recognized as the “hearts” of their universities. To fulfill their mission of supporting the educational objectives of their parent bodies, which include teaching, learning, research, and cultural development, the libraries had to develop and maintain standard books, journals, and audio-visual collections and services. During the “oil boom” era, the libraries flourished–they were busy filling their shelves with learning materials in order to sustain the main academic disciplines established by their parent universities. Today, the story is very different. University libraries have problems even in maintaining core collections, which represent their universities’ curricula and activities because of lack of money and management. The proliferation of universities, despite the economic torpor in the country has increased the problems of the universities and their libraries so much that now their future seems uncertain.Talking to Mr Afolayan, an information scientist, he said academic libraries in Nigerian Universities are at crossroads due to the fact that they are operating in an era of dwindling financial resources that are not forthcoming and thus affects the efficiency and effectiveness of their functions. Mr Tokunbo, a graduate of Library Science and information is of likely opinion and said, if the Nigerian academic libraries are to meet the expectations of the planned vision of the library, the government will need to pay attention to education by improving her commitment in education. In addition, the need for periodic training for librarians and library staff cannot be overemphasized.
Dr Bode Ojo, a Library and Information science lecturer is of the opinion that the advent of ICT has affected the role and services of libraries including the academic libraries, also has it revolutionized the transportation of information. The rapid pace of development in the field of Information Technology (IT) and the emergence of networked information services have prompted a comprehensive review of the library; specifically, the academic library and information science profession. It is obvious that most developing countries including Nigeria is still far behind with much work to reform the academic libraries. He concluded that the library of today should no longer be a library of the 17th century image but rather be a folder of information system. The library of today should not merely store documents but devise means by which the contents of such documents can be rapidly and effectively transmitted for use.
Internet has become an effective means for storing, sharing and accessing information which cut across the business world, libraries, education, and individuals. A few of the most popular internet means of communication include e-mail, World Wide Web, FTP (File Transfer Protocol), Usenet, and Telnet. All these technological devices can be regarded as backbones of the concept of 21st Century. The Internet and its technology continues to have a profound effect in promoting the sharing of information especially in academic world, making possible rapid transactions among businesses and supporting global collaboration among individuals and organizations.
Information Communication Technologies have already begun to exert massive transformation of education systems in developed countries–distance education universities are now quoted on the stock exchange; the best teachers in the world are becoming available anywhere at the click of a button. The library as the life-blood of higher education institutions can benefit tremendously from the facilities provided by the ICT. The university libraries can be transformed into a new information services unit, providing electronic cataloguing, electronic on-line public access catalogue, electronic acquisition and serials control, electronic inter-library loan, and electronic circulation functions. But it must be realized that many university libraries in Nigeria are yet to take advantage of modern ICT.
The majority of the higher institutions in Nigeria, even those with good Internet connectivity, are still at a low level of the integration of ICT in teaching, learning, research, library, information and managerial services. There is a need for professional development in the integration of information technology into education and learning. The global trend is towards the use of ICT in all spheres of human endeavour, such as e-commerce, e-governance, e-finance, e-libraries, etc. In the educational sector, the trend has been the integration of ICT into all spheres of education, such as on-line courses, tele-education, tele-medicine, distance education, virtual learning, virtual laboratory, etc.Digital revolution has dramatically changed the face of libraries in the 21st century. This posed a challenge to academic libraries to digitize their services and resources through appropriate ICT application in order to remain relevant. Therefore, there is a need for urgent call for both the government of Nigeria and the university managements to set up ICT Research Institute. There should be linkages between universities, Research Institutes, and government agencies to access information without barrier. In addition, it is advisable for the government to introduce monitoring bodies, which are made up of experts for ICT development, and financial support should be encouraged from bodies, the government, and agencies. The Ministry of Education should integrate Information technology into secondary schools and colleges of education. It will be difficult for Nigeria to be truly part of the Information Age or Global Village without active participation of the higher institutions in the use and development of ICT.
It was quite an eye-opening experience at the just concluded training workshop organized by the United Nations Industrial Development Organizations, UNIDO and National Quality Infrastructure Project, NQIP, because the training workshop has really broaden my knowledge and that of many other beneficiaries of the training, on the need for quality consciousness and infrastructure in Nigeria as well as sustainability of quality culture.
At the action-packed 3-day training with the theme: “Evolving Quality Culture for Media Professionals within the context of Quality in Nigeria Trade and Industry sector”, UNIDO-NQIP experts enlightened participants on national quality infrastructure, quality management system, food safety and international certification standards (ISO).
We should all realize the fact that imbibing the culture of quality in all things we do is part of good governance, greater economy beyond oil and better life for all.
From the training, we were made to understand the essence of excellence with a practical field trip to an indigenous small scale firm already certified for following quality standards, Rhabe Nigeria Ventures in Ikeja, Lagos.
With the basic knowledge on quality infrastructure, principles, benefits and meaning of quality management systems, implementation and training centres with emphasis on ISO 9001, ISO 14001 and ISO 22000, participants learnt about accreditation and conformity assessment, its relevance to national development as well as the need to change the status quo of business as usual while conform to global best practices.
A lot is now known about Nigeria National Accreditation Service (NiNAS) and its relevance to standardization.
Without much ado, we must all seriously imbibe the culture of producing products and rendering services that meet customers’ and regulatory agencies’ requirements in all ramifications; environmental management systems, waste reduction, food safety management system and adherence to standards among others.
It is a well-known fact that our nation is currently losing billions of naira in revenue; meanwhile, if the concerns of quality infrastructure are addressed, there will be a boost in revenue generation from export. And the challenge of Nigeria export rejection will be surmounted thus attaining the status of a healthy and export compliant/friendly country among comity of nations.
Nigeria should urgently ratify and adopt the National Quality Policy as well as make adequate provision to take full ownership of the National Quality Infrastructure Project. Also, there should be an annual National Standards Summit where international and local stakeholders deliberate on standards and quality in Nigeria.
In addition, food safety measures should be reinforced by manufacturers, regulators and policy makers in line with global best practices while public institutions should be more alive to their responsibilities in promoting standards for locally produced goods.
We believe this very beneficial training will be a continuous exercise with regular capacity building training for Journalists, Editors and media owners.
In order for us to achieve the desired goals and objectives, there should be collaboration between the regulatory agencies for quality control in Nigeria while relevant public institutions should be strengthened in the fight against smuggling of substandard goods in the country.
Since implementation and enforcement are part of our problems in this country, enforcement of laws for violators of quality standards should be very strict and truly working.
According to all UNIDO resource persons at the training workshop, Dr. Shaukat Malik, Stephen Cross, Ibrahim sustained national quality infrastructure will make Nigeria equals the international best practices in trade procedures and other engagements relating to goods and services.
Currently Nigeria records 6.5% compliance on countries global certification index conducted by the United Nations in 2014.
Already, UNIDO had put in place, a policy and institutional framework currently being implemented to ensure that Nigeria meet up with other countries that had scaled the business and economic hurdles at the international scene. And we must be truly implementing best international practices to access globally acceptable trade facilitation.
Speaking on the need for the media to join the campaign to broaden the horizon of the policy, Mrs Makanjuola, who is the Technical Advisor to UNIDO, said that though mediocrity was becoming an accepted norm in the face of dire economic circumstances, this, unfortunately should not be if quality is available because everybody deserves the best.
“The EU is funding the project, UNIDO is implementing. Implementation of the project has a cycle. After the cycle do we as Nigerians deserve Quality continuously? Or do we just jettison quality to revert to mediocrity?
She urged media practitioners to disseminate and preserve quality culture, to be vanguards of quality in the conscience of a nation striving for quality – translating to better life for us all.
“India wants to trade over $100 million worth of beans – of course it must be quality. Europe wants Nigerian beans, melon, yams etc. the world want Nigeria’s produce. They must be quality, Nigeria’s Soya represent some of the best grade in the world – but must go out as quality. Virtually everything grows here but must be traded in quality mode” she concluded.
As journalists, we have great roles to play in sustaining quality and creating awareness among the people. But for all citizens generally, we must ensure we pass on the message and demand for the best always.
Friday, February 9, 2018 was a happy day for Baale, of Gbamu- Gbamu ,
Chief Adekunle Fayomi and his subjects as they witnessed the commissioning of 85KWP Solar Hybrid Mini Grid in the community.
It was one of the projects by Governor Ibikunle Amosun of Ogun State, actualized by RUBITEC SOLAR, an alternative electricity provider..
It “marks an alternative approach to provision of regular, uninterrupted electricity supply in Ogun state” said Bolade Soremekun – MD / CEO,Rubitec Solar, Rubitec Nigeria Ltd.
Explaining the functions of the grid, he said: “Our mini grid will serve 487 metered customers, with 462 1phase connections, and 25 3phase customers. The PV system will generate >190,000kWh/year of electricity, transmitted and distributed across 5.2 Km of grid for different categories of consumers – businesses and households.
“We have installed pre-paid meters. We encourage the people of Gbamugbamu to pay for their electricity as this will make the project sustainable’’
He also informed that the project is an example of ‘Crowd funding’:
‘’This project is NOT a contract. Rather its an investment by Rubitec Nigeria Ltd, with support from Ogun State Government, Nigeria Energy Support Programme (NESP), European Union, GIZ, and USAID. It is a N200 million investment comprising 50 per cent grant from GIZ, 39 per certain loan from Bettervest of Germany, and 11 per cent equity from Rubitec Nigeria Ltd. “It is by such investment that mini grid projects can be sustainable.
The project must earn profit for its investors, pay back its loans, and justify the grants that come from EU tax payers’ funds’’.
It was arranged by The Nigerian Energy Support Programme (NESP) funded by the European Union and the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) and is implemented by the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH in close collaboration with the Federal Ministry of Power (FMP).
It is part of a project within (5) selected State Governments (Cross River, Niger, Ogun, Plateau and Sokoto). Winrock, the implementing partner of USAID, also supported the project by promoting access to finance workshops and initiatives.
It involved training and workshops both locally and abroad.
The aim of NESP and its partners is to creat business-enabling conditions for a private sector driven market for rural electrification to provide access to reliable and affordable electricity services to rural households, businesses and public infrastructures.
At the ceremony were representatives of various stake holders including ambassadors of the European countries and Nigerian entrepreneurs.
One of them was Mr Tunde Onanusi, that retired at Firstbank of Nigeria, and now advises Ventures and Asset Management–
‘This (Gbamu Gbamu MiniyHybrid electrification project) is a right step in the right direction and a typical example of what ‘crowd funding, multinational’ can achieve, a way forward given the need for infrastructure as a means for propelling development even in rural environments.
Mr Wole Odunayo was also there to grace the occasion. Already successful in the energy (oil and gas),-
“Indeed, all of us in the energy sector need to pay more attention to what Rubitec Solar has achieved today. It demonstrates that clean uninterrupted supply of electricity is possible even in the rural communities and indeed is a way forward for the the whole of the country”
This matter – of – fact views on state of the judiciary as represented by Justice Adeniyi Ademola was written in 2016 by Otunba Tola Adeniyi. Though published almost two years ago, recent occurrence makes it worthy of being read all over again. Smartviews Magazine brings it unedited. Happy reading.
Each time Honourable Justice Adeniyi Ademola gives his judgment on any case in Abuja my phones get jammed with calls from so many quarters asking me whether Ademola Adeniyi or Adeniyi Ademola was my relation or whether I ever gave him advice. My reply to such inquiries has always been simple.
Yes. I have a 58-year-old nephew called Prince Ademola Adeniyi, but he is neither a lawyer nor a Judge. The similarity with the popular Abuja Federal High Court Judge begins and ends with the combination of their names. And even my own nephew has Ademola as his first name while the famous judge has Ademola as his surname.
The issue here is not about similarity in names or anything to do with the princely background of the two Adeniyis. The issue has to do with what some Nigerians have come to regard as the frequency of judgments which do not appear to be in consonance with the mood of the nation. But I ask, are judgments supposed to reflect the mood of the nation?
Ajasin: A forgotten hero?
By Olakunle AgboolaThere are many who confuse the position of leadership with the disposition of true leadership. No matter what position one may be given, status in an organization does not automatically create leadership. Genuine leadership is one’s internal disposition, which relates to a sense of purpose, self-worth and self-concept.Others have confused leadership with the ability to control others through manipulating their emotions and playing on their fears and needs. But true leadership is a product of inspiration, not manipulation.Then there are those who believe that title makes the leaders. However, we have all seen many people who have been placed in prominent positions with impressive titles yet have failed miserably because they haven’t understood that real leadership is manifested in performance and results and not just in labels.True leadership goes far beyond the mechanics of our political government today. It has more to do with discovering a sense of meaning and significance in life. This distinction separates the leadership of passion from the hunger or lust for power. True leaders do not seek power but are driven by a passion to achieve a noble cause.Granpa Adekunle Ajasin is not left out in the umbrella of a true leadership. He is the first heroic leader Nigeria has ever known. To all purpose and intent, he died not just for freedom and justice; he died fighting to retrieve captive generations behind him and those yet to be born from palpable slavery.In his old age, Adekunle Ajasin had nothing to lose, if he had chosen to retire quietly to enjoy the last bit of his life in the moderate comfort that he had been used to. But the old man chose to stand up, and fight for democracy and freedom from a ruthless socio-political system that has put generations behind him into slavery. This is a situation where many stronger young men had succumbed to the intimidation of force by slave drivers who would rule Nigeria come rain or shine without regard to the feelings of the people. That Ajasin was at the head of the Vanguard of Nigeria’s pro-democracy struggle makes him the heroic leader. His struggle to emancipate Nigeria is an epic. However, this great potential for 21st century showcase of black civilization is being practically diminished by a cabal of selfish people who have taken upon themselves the responsibility of leading Nigeria for-ever. And they are making a hopeless job of it.It is against this backdrop that papa Ajasin should be appreciated. For when his peers decided to retire, he and Chief Anthony Enahoro, who should also have retired with him, decided that they could not in their right mind leave their countrymen in the throes of slavery and pretend to be enjoying anything.Today, Ajasin is a dead hero, he had led the way for politics in Nigeria and his life had dictated a pattern which not only challenges the youth, but reawaken all old and young people quite alike in Nigeria that if any selection or group of selections or even any individual is reduced to slavery in this land, those who are not directly affected have a duty to fight for freedom and justice, otherwise they themselves will sooner than later become victims.Pa Ajasin’s life is the paragon of selflessness. He had nothing personally to gain from the struggle he led and fought for so vigorously that even his adversaries and opponents openly concede that the man was a hero who fought with the love of the people at heart, and the faith of a man absolutely committed to the betterment of those behind him. If there is anything worthy in politics to emulate, then pa Adekunle Ajasin’s life would be standard reference point.It is up to us to stand up for what is right, just and profitable. Let us have it at the back of our minds that true leadership is not by position or title but an attitude that naturally inspires and motivates others which comes from an internalized discovery about ourselves.
Owerri market demolition: 10 yr-old Somtochukwu, another victim of police overzealousness?
By Dupe Olaoye-Osinkolu
Continued recklessness of men in power constantly shows that power is an intoxicating wine that only the self-disciplined can drink in moderation.The Saturday demolition of Ekeukwu-Owerri market that claimed lives including that of 10- year -old Somtochukwu Ibeanusi was a sort of war waged against the people by their government. At times like this, the poor masses wonder who to turn to for justice and protection.The Imo State Government, instead of being remorseful and commiserating with the family of the deceased claimed that “no life was lost in the demolition exercise”. That could only be the effect of power intoxication! Photos of Somtochukwu and other victims were awash in the social media minutes after the fatal incidence, one therefore wonders why such blunder could be denied.
The trigger-happy men of the Nigeria Police who opened fire on harmless citizens under the guise of carrying out government’s instructions, in other climes would have been brought to book in a matter of minutes. Here however, Nigerians must wait endlessly for the Inspector General of Police’ reaction on this dastardly act.How on earth would the state compensate Mr. Isaiah Ibeanusi, who lost his only son to the crude and lawless order from above, and the other victims who are battling for their lives at the Federal Medical Centre, Owerri, even when the traders claimed there was a pending case in court concerning the quit notice served them by the government?A victim, Mr. Sebastian Oparaku narrated how a stray bullet hit him when he was shaving inside his house. Mr. Leonard Ebubeagu Osuji, another victim had an operation for removal of a bullet, lodged in his thigh during the fracas.
The Commissioner of Police, Mr. Chris Ezike, owes Nigerians an explanation on why his men turned hunters of men, spraying bullets on their ‘games’, instead of protecting the traders’ lives and properties during the demolition.The near best remedy Governor Rochas Okorocha can apply under this circumstance is to own up to his mistakes, commiserate with victims’ families and pay compensations. No one remains in power for life. Today’s power broker might find himself at the receiving end of more deadlier government policies in future, when posterity will be the chief judge at the people’s court.When dividends of democracy were not forthcoming, people doubled their efforts in providing their own needs. Everyone, a practical local authority in his/her locality, providing electricity, water, shelter, jobs etc.Nigerians run their businesses on electricity generating sets, provide water through their self-made bore holes, labour to pay Shylock landlords for shelters, educate their children in private schools because of the rot in public schools, set themselves up in mini trades, in the absence of jobs provision by government and non-availability of employment in the private sector, to make ends meet. The same government that they brought into power with their votes later turned round to displace them, taking over their houses and markets, in most cases without any compensation. Some lost all their life-savings and developed high blood pressure, with no money to take care of their health, they died untimely.Youths are running away from the country, to foreign lands in search of economic independence. Some lose their lives in the process, while others endure the worst form of slavery in order to send money home to parents and siblings. Yet, those at home could not sleep with their two eyes closed for fear of the next obnoxious policy by the government. Which way, Nigeria?May the souls of slain Somtochukwu and other victims rest in peace. Families and friends wish their spirits would rise in vengeance against their killers. So help them God!
Angelic mission of Rev mother Esther Ajayi: C&S pastor activates unity mode in white garment churches
Angelic mission of Rev. Mother Esther Ajayi: C&S pastor activates unity mode in white garment churches
FROM DUPE OLAOYE OSINKOLU, LONDON
The upper class of the Heathrow-bound Virgin Atlantic aircraft was a beehive of activities. The flying steel bird, at a glance looked like a holy haven with most passengers in Cherubim& Seraphim and Celestial Church of Christ worship robes (white sutanas), clutching their bibles, taking notes and exchanging glorious views on way forward for the white garment churches worldwide.
Though their religious sects were different, they shared the same mission, supporting a visioner’s dream.
Founder and Senior Pastor of Love of God Generation Church, Esther Abimbola Ajayi was the dreamer whose dream was coming to reality in a grand unprecedented revival in London. Yes, their minds were focused on the joint fellowship of the holy spirit tagged, ‘Celebrating the Comforter’. And the theme was,Celebrating unity in the holy spirit.
Iya Adura as popularly called by her church members saw no reason why the Cherubim & Seraphim and Celestial Church of Christ should not share one love in Christ Jesus.
Every preparation was made. The greatness of the epoch event actually manifested at the Heathrow airport, where the founder and members of Love of Christ Church C&S received the invitees from Nigeria. The planning committee of the event, under the able guidance of Chairman, Central Working Committee, Dr Richard Fasunloye did a swell job as every guest was taken care of, right from arrival at Heathrow, where they were separated from their luggages only for the bags to arrive intact to their owners at the hotel. Orderliness and love were the key words. Ola and Michael Ajayi (Iya Adura, Esther Ajayi’s children) also did their best to ensure the success of the programmes, from day one till the invitees departed London.
The joint grand fellowship of Cherubim&Seraphim was unprecedented, yet it happened, through the ideas and financial provisions of Rev. Mother Ajayi.
Supreme Head of the C&S, His Eminence Dr. Solomon Adegboyega Alao said he promoted Esther Ajayi to Reverend Mother, because of her capabilities and steadfastness in the cause of the C&S and her general efforts in projecting the white garment churches. Dr Alao warned members of C&S to always shun sharp practices and be holy at all times. “If someone is going to defraud the govenment, don’t let it be a C&S member, if people are disobeying traffic laws, don’t let them be C&S members…”, he said
Former President of Nigeria, Chief Olusegun Obasanjo said Ajayi’s promotion by the C&S Movement was long overdue. Obasanjo urged Nigerian and other invitees to embrace love as ‘God is love’. He added that only love could ensure the desired enviable community, society and country that everyone craves.
The Celestial Church of God’s Supreme Head, PastorEmmanuel Oshoffa, who spoke in French enjoined children of God to always think and act in unity, for before God, no dichotomy.
Rev. Mother Esther Ajayi said people should erase their wrong perception about white garment churches as the Cherubim &and Seraphim has been a church of the holy spirit through the ages, and it is even waxing stronger under the leadership of His Eminence, Dr S.A. Alao, the current Supreme Head of the church. She said her church, the Love of God Generation Church will continue to promote unite and welfare of the white garment churches and Christians as a whole.
Dr Fasunloye earlier in his welcome address, said “The magnitude of the Celebrate the Comforter in using the 5000-seater Excel ICC Hall, the number of guest speakers, the invitees and artistes from all over the world was only possible through the cheerful donation and giving of the sponsor, Rev Mother Esther Abimbola Ajayi”. He prayed that God uphold and bless Rev Ajayi more, and to continue using her and her ministry for His Kingdom.
Fasunloye expressed hope that through the Celebrate the Comforter revival, C&S and Celestial churches will henceforth work together to win souls for the kingdom of God and fight the devil for the glory of Jesus Christ.
The Ooni of Ife, Oba Enitan Adeyeye Ogunwusi, who led seven other obas to the event said good things always come from the black race. He commended Rev.Mother Esther Ajayi for being who she is, a lover of God and humanity, a believer who does things in a way and manner that others benefit and cherish. He said everyone should know that there is only one God – Olodumare. They should therefore not fight over religion because God is love.
Gospel singers like Chief Ebenezer Obey, Sir Shina Peter, Dorien Jacob aka Oyinbo Jesu, Evang. Bisi Alawiye, Muyiwa Riversongz, Esther Igbekele, among other thrilled attendees to the glory of God. Founder of Christ Apostolic Church, Agbala Itura, Pastor Kayode Abiara, Bishop Dewar, Evangelist Bola Are , Dr Mike Boulog were also part of the event.
Theatre artistes were not left behind. Senior Apostle Segun Aderemi a k a Chief Kanran, reviewing the programme, said Rev. Mother Esther Ajayi has written her name in gold because many have the required resources to promote the work of God but prefer to spend such money on worldly things. Iya Adura, Ajayi however put God first, that is so commendable, may God continue to bless her.
Veteran artiste, Chief Jimoh Aliu, alias Aworo, on his summary of the event said, though he was not a Christian, Rev. Mother Ajayi’s activities and her way of life can easily win souls for Christ. “Don’t be surprised to see muslims and traditionalists turning to Ajayi’s God in the manner of ‘show me your God’, and I will know who to follow’. He said most times, people judge your religion through your behavior and how you relate with God and the people.
THINK -TANKBy Olakunle Agboola
HOPE 93: WILL JUNE 12 EVER EVAPORATE?I was taking note last week after reading some articles in the daily news over the June 12 pre-celebration event, when I got struck again with the reality of annulment of 1993 general elections by military ruler Ibrahim Babangida, leading to a crisis that ended with Sani Abacha heading a coup later in the year. JUNE 12, 1993 was a victory for Moshood Kashimawo Olawale Abiola of the Social Democratic Party, who defeated Bashir Tofa ofthe National Republican Convention. The annulment of the election elicited widespread protests across the country which also claimed a lot of lives and properties. June 12 comes with a honed face every year and one wonders, if the memory of HOPE 93 will ever evaporate in the political arena of Nigeria.Agitation has been going on over the years to include the name of M.K.O Abiola in the ex-head of states’ configuration of Nigerian rulers. The June 12 movement, a political platform committed to the principle of popular democracy has called on President Muhammadu Buhari to recognize the late winner of the annulled 1993 Presidential Election, Moshood Abiola, as a former president of the country. The group also proposed JUNE 12 to be the democracy day rather than MAY 29 as it is currently being celebrated across the federation.M.K.O and June 12 is a highly complex story and phenomenon. First Abiola was never president of the Federal Republic of Nigeria. So, we should not fake an ex (prefix) to his title? We should recognize that those misguided people who annulled the JUNE 12, 1993 mandate of Chief M.K.O. Abiola did not even admit that he was president-elect. So, how come someone who was not declared president should now be recognized as an ex-president? It is neither logical, nor desirable, and above all, it is unconstitutional. It takes the deep to call to deep; June 12 annulment is deeper than the shallow mind can fathom.The battle to obliterate the phenomenon of JUNE 12 is very much on-going. The annulment per say was to stop the man, and the enforcement of annulment that followed was to erase Abiola’s memory from the minds of the people. In the first phase of the struggle, the agenda of the annulers triumphed. The military retained power and one of its members, General Sani Abacha tried to usurp the presidency in a barren exercise which evaporated at his death. However, the struggle to totally suppress the significance of JUNE 12 did not end and by some unfortunate set of circumstances, the National Democratic Coalition (NADECO) struggle was derogated from a national campaign to a tribal or sectional agitation by those who themselves still wanted to ensure that JUNE 12 died permanently.But If only they could spare a little thought, they will come to grips with the realities that JUNE 12 has brought about what will not go away from Nigeria. If not for JUNE 12 and the agitation of NADECO, perhaps, the Niger Delta will today be in slumber over the issue of resources control. Maybe those who still hoodwink themselves that JUNE 12 is a tribal struggle, may need the wisdom of the deep understanding that the call for true federalism today has its deeper root in the JUNE 12 struggle.Every inch of the essence of JUNE 12 is embedded in the democratic ethos today. Declaring M.K.O as an ex-president is not part of it. But anyone who ignores the critical essence of JUNE 12 would be doing so at his or her own witlessness. M.K.O may be dead, but the significance and/or consequence of JUNE 12 is very much alive with us and remains a critical factor that will determine this nation’s tomorrow.
The Amalgamation Of Nigeria And Nationhood
By Olakunle Agboola
Nationhood is an aggregation of people or peoples of one or more cultures, races, etc., organized into a single government.
All nations grew out of disparate tribes. Some trace their origins to several distinct nationalities. Many nations, including the Americans, were formed not only from different ethnic groups but even from different races.
In the chronicles of Nigeria’s history; one chapter that has remained till today (date) controversial and very elusive to candid clarification is the amalgamation of 1914. The ill-conceived connubial resolution that brought Southern Nigeria and Northern Nigeria together in 1914 is up till today being debated to be the basis of the problems we are facing as a Nation. Some have argued that the union has created an endless animosity between the two protectorates (the Southern state and the northern state), because none of them was prepared for it. The union is seen as a forced marriage due to economic control but masked in the phase of political will.
The Governor-General Frederick Lugard who took office in 1914 was responsible for overseeing the unification. He worked under close supervision to see the marriage was successful tampering on cultural milieu and economy disposition of the two protectorate. The resultant of the 1914 amalgamation is what the two protectorates which are now represented on the basis of three major ethnic groups are battling with today. It has always being a cat and mouse relationship in which every ethnic group tries to outsmart one another in an existential “rat race’.
The bitter truth is that the 1914 amalgamation between the North and the South is morbidly reflecting in all our ways of life even as a sovereign nation today. At various stages of this matrimony; we have recorded series of events including a civil war, Niger/Delta crises, Biafra emancipation and also Boko Haram menace. Yoruba, Hausa and Igbo have focused on every reason why they should separate and each be on their own as a nation.
The late Prime Minister of Nigeria, Sir Alhaji Abubakar Tafawa Balewa was reported in a speech in 1952, at the Northern House of Assembly, Kaduna, that `the Southern people who are swarming into this region daily in large numbers are really intruders. We don`t want them and they are not welcome here in the North. Also the on-going agitation for Biafra Nation is an evidence that Nigeria is still suffering from the forced marriage of 1914.
Some scholars also have argued that it will be difficult for Nigeria to assume nationhood due to the baseless matrimony of 1914. They could not see the reason for amalgamation when the two protectorate before amalgamation were doing well both in trade, commerce and governance.
At the public presentation of the book “Fellow Country Men- the story of Coup D’etats in Nigeria by Richard Akinnola, June 2000, Chief Richard Akinjide (SAN), first and second Republic Minister made a laudatory speech while he insightfully made known the purpose of Lord Lugard in Nigeria and also BRITISH interest in staging the amalgamation of 1914. The excerpt:
Lord Lugard came here about 1894 and many people did not know that Major Lugard was not originally employed by the British government. He was employed by companies. He was first employed by East Indian Company, by the Royal East African Company and then by the Royal Niger Company. It was from the Royal Niger Company that he transferred to the British government.
The interest of the Europeans in Africa and indeed in Nigeria was economic and it’s still economic. They have no permanent friends and no permanent interest. Neither their interest nor their friends are permanent. Nigeria was created as British sphere of interests for business.
When Lugard formed the West African Frontier Force with 2,000 troops, about 90 percent of them were from the North mainly from the middle belt. And his dispatches to London between that time and January 1914 was extremely interesting. Lugard came here for a purpose and that purpose was British interest.
Between 1898 and 1914, he sent a number of dispatches to London which led to the Amalgamation of 1914. The Order-in-Council was drawn up in November 1913, signed and came into force in January 1914. In those dispatches, Lugard said a number of things which are the root causes of yesterday and today’s problems. The British needed the Railway from the North to the Coast in the interest of British business. Amalgamation of the South (not of the people) became of crucial importance to British business interest.
When the amalgamation took effect, the British government sealed off the South from the North. And between 1914 and 1960, that’s a period of 46 years, the British allowed minimum contact between the North and South because it was not in the British interest that the North be allowed to be polluted by the educated South. That was the basis on which we got our independence in 1960.
When the North formed a political party, the Northern leaders called it Northern People’s Congress (NPC). They didn’t call it Nigeria’s people Congress. That was in accordance with the dictum and policies of Lugard. When Aminu Kano formed his own party, it was called Northern Elements Progressive Union (NEPU) not Nigerian Elements Progressive Union. It was only Awolowo and Zik who were mistaken that there was anything called Nigeria. In fact, the so-called Nigeria created in 1914 was a complete fraud. It was created not in the interest of Nigeria or Nigerians but in the interest of the British. And what were the structures created? The structures created were as follows: Northern Nigeria was to represent England; Western Nigeria like Wales; Eastern Nigeria was to be like Scotland.
History is so important in our daily lives and without it we are lost as individuals and also as a nation. We need to know where we are coming from and probably where we are going. The marriage of Nigeria might be wrong or born out of selfish motives and gain, but it is up to us to create a new path to nationhood or we remain where we are. At times, marriage is not all about compatibility but how we resolve incompatibility. We are left to make a choice of a new nation that will surpass parochial ethnicity, religion, culture, language barrier, and geographical boundaries. We can live beyond the selfish marriage of 1914 to create the path of harmony, love and unity.
Ernest Renan (1823–1892), a French historian is known for his idea of nationhood. He was praised in the eighteenth century for his achievements in regards to humanity and the restoration of the pure identity of man, one which was free from misconceptions and socially established variances. Renan discredits the theory that race is the basis for the unification of people.
Renan also asserts that neither language nor religion are basis for solidarity because language “invites people to unite, but does not force them to do so” and “religion has become an individual matter” For example, the United States and England both speak English but do not constitute a single, united nation and countries no longer operate on the notion of religions operating against each other, forcing people to choose between one or the other.
Renan will also be remembered for his ideas of Forgetfulness: Historical errors, are essential in the creation of a nation. “Historical research, by revealing unwanted truths, can even endanger nationhood”. All nations, even the most benevolent in later practice, are founded on acts of violence, which are then forgotten.
This leads to one of the most frequently quoted statements in his speech:
Yet the essence of a nation is that all individuals have many things in common, and also that they have forgotten many things. No French citizen knows whether he is a Burgundian, an Alan, a Taifale, or a Visigoth, yet every French citizen has to have forgotten the massacre of Saint Bartholomew, or the massacre that took place in the South in the thirteenth century.
Modern nationhood also cannot be based on religion, which Renan observes, is currently practiced according to individual belief. “You can be French, English, German, yet Catholic, Protestant, Jewish, or practicing no religion”. Mutuality of interests is fine for corporations and their affiliates, but nationality is based on sentiment. Geography merely leads us astray, and often to violence: “Mountains don’t know how to carve out countries”.
It is obvious that Nigeria as a nation can work, and that is forgetting why we have to divide and embrace the path of love, peace and unity in diversity. It is possible we look beyond the past as we transcend geographical boundaries, ethnicity, religions, and culture to assume nationhood.
Think-TankBy Olakunle AgboolaIf Africa Continent Is So Rich,Why Is Nigeria This Poor?I have had several opportunities to talk about Africa and her vast resources of both human and natural resources on different platform home and abroad. I have talked with enthusiasm about our vast uncultivated agricultural land and its highest potentials for the next global revolution. Most of Africa’s Agricultural land lies in the savannah and tropical rain forest, which receives a favourable amount of rainfall and sunlight all year round. It will surprise you that more than 80% of food crops consumed across the world can be produced in this region.Africa sits on an agribusiness goldmine which most people don’t see. Since 2009, investors in the USA, Europe, Middle East and Asia have been buying and leasing millions of hectares of African land for Agricultural purposes. There has been a trend of serious land grabbing by foreign interest for African land. According to United Nations, Foreign Direct investment in Africa’s agribusiness was $10 billion in 2010 and is projected to reach $45 billion by 2020.Africa is not only blessed with mineral resources but also decorated with human resources and among all are young entrepreneurs like Mubarak Muyika from Kenya, Bheki Kunene from South Africa, Affiong Williams from Nigeria, Alain Nteff from Cameroon, Takunda Chingonzoh from Zimbabwe, and Ali-shah Jivraj from Uganda to mention but a few. Also, the likes of Zik of Africa, Nelson Mandela, JJ Rawlings, Kwame Nkrumah, the inimitable Awolowo, the great professors Adebayo Adedeji, Ayodele Awojobi, Chinua Achebe, Adeoye Lambo, Wole Soyinka and host of others intellectuals occupying enviable positions in the USA, Britain, Germany, Canada, and other countries of the world are pride of Africa.Currently, Africa has medical doctors in foreign land who are doing well and making the continent proud. One of the long list of Africans’ doctors abroad is Dr Oladotun Okunola from Yoruba origin in Nigeria. He is a personal doctor and consultants to Hillary Clinton, an aspiring president in just concluded American election that gave Donald Trump a victory. Dr Oladotun is an adult neurology and clinical neurophysiology. He received fellowship training in epilepsy and clinical neurophysiology at Georgetown University Hospital, Washington DC, USA.Similarly, Africa has Engineers, Physicist, Computer Scientist, Economist and Agronomist scattered abroad and doing well in their chosen profession. This has being a great concern for international communities knowing Africa especially Nigeria has human capacity and natural resources to her advantage yet the economy is stagnated. “Nigeria has one of the world’s highest economic growth rates, averaging 7.4% according to the Nigeria economic report released in July 2014 by the World Bank. Poverty still remains significant at 33.1% in Africa’s biggest economy. For a country with massive wealth and a huge population to support commerce, the level of poverty remains unacceptable.The undermined factor is corruption which has eaten deep to the fabric of our existence. It is like a disease that spreads from mother to children. The former president of the country, Olusegun Obasanjo, on November 24, 2016 while speaking at the first Akintola Williams Annual Lecture in Lagos, reacted negatively on the level of corruption going on among the members of the House of Assembly and House of Representatives. According to Lewis Obi, the National Assembly is nothing but a business enterprise and the primary objective of the members is to make money for themselves.The cancer of corruption has frustrated many citizens and taken some of our best brains abroad who today are holding big offices and contributing immensely to the growth of foreign economy. They could have achieved the feat of turning Nigeria into a science oriented and technologically advanced country but they are not being considered by the country as possible agents that can bring the nation on the path of progress and economic growth. The distance is not far-fetched from the political environment that willingly support ignorance and imposes mediocrity on expertise. It so happens because excellence, experience and capability do not form the basis on which appointments and leadership of institutions and sensitive state organs as well as economic structure are made.Africa is not a poor continent neither Nigeria a poor nation. The problem is mis-management of both human and natural resources for the nation to prosper. Nigeria had suffered so much in the hands of its political gladiators; those who pretend to salvaged her but have sucked her of financial fortunes for their own personal benefits. Remember, this nation is sinking not because it lacks the ability to swim but those who can make it swim are not allowed into the pool.
Has Nigeria revolutionary leaders?
By Olakunle Agboola
Popular musician, TuFace Idibia’s planned protest scheduled to hold on Monday has been canceled. The young music star announced the cancellation in a 57 seconds video. He thanked people for the wide support given to the planned protest but regretted that from due consultations, he discovered that the protest would be hijacked by some people for personal interest.
The question is, if TuFace had proceeded with the protest, would it have changed the current situation of things in the country?
Wisdom, agility, and expertise in the area of political leadership are as essential to today’s leader as a reliable map and navigational tools are to the sailor.
All leaders must learn to navigate change. All impact- making leaders of today are masters at revolutionary change, whether international, institutional or organizational change, through mass movement, world-wide protest, that must be peaceful. Non-violent revolution is indeed possible. Leading and organizing people and resources around a constructive, creative, and dynamic shared vision of change is indispensable to success.
The Journey of 2019 presidential and gubernatorial campaign has begun and probably Nigerians will be looking for honest presidential materials who can be trusted to deliver the goods of democracy . The history of democratic system has proved that strong political parties does not encourage one to have faith in the future, where democracy is seen to be the fountain of hope and development. If we cannot, therefore sustain hope through belief in the ideals of a democratic polity where else should we turn? Great philosopher and thinkers of the past have averred that it takes a strong leaders, totally patriotic and selfless to rally round men and women to a common purpose for a nation to prosper.
There is a dire need for strong disciplinarian leader to put in place solid infrastructure for development which will enlightened and mobilized the society to the pursuit of the general good that democracy can thrive. Much as the unrepentant ‘democrat’ may want to frown at this pattern of thought man’s experiment on earth prove that of those countries that have been successful with democratic governance most of them have first had to cope with revolutionary precedents.
History recorded that Russia had Stalin. Germany had Bismark. Singapore had Lee Kwan Yaw. France had Napoleon and Charles de Gaule. China had Mao Tse Tung, and the host of other countries had revolutionary idealists who stood for good democratic governance and common good of humanity in their various countries. So, it would appear that for democracy to take a proper root, people -oriented republics must wake up and structured a democratic process having its foundation rested on people -centred development, which will allow political leaders to subsequently lead correctly.
The focus should be on a political class of high ideal, morality, ethical values and selfless service for democracy to thrive. Perhaps we have been having problems all along because our society has refused to come to grip with this fact that without established values of public morality, discipline and selfless service, a core leadership that is focused and committed to the development of man cannot unfold in Nigeria. Therefore, we labour in vain for democracy to be what it ought to be.
That is the irony of it. Another question is: Where is that visionary, strong and revolutionary leader to forcibly uproot the seed of corruption, inspired the populace, managed both human and natural resources and rally men and women to achieve a common purpose? Maybe he is hidden in any of the political parties or among the youths who are at the shore of politics but not allowed to swim in the political pool.
2019 is not far-fetched as we await Nigerians to make another choice of political leaders. As Niccolò Machiavelli said: “Whoever wishes to foresee the future must consult the past; for human events ever resemble those of preceding times. This arises from the fact that they are produced by men who ever have been, and ever shall be, animated by the same passions, and thus they necessarily have the same results.”
This will be a call to think of where we are coming from and where we are going as a nation. It will be a call to think laterally, reinforced our minds, update our knowledge and select a good leader or revolutionary leaders that will embrace a good democratic government to end poverty and squalor in a country that is known to be potentially rich.
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